Maritime security is a critical issue and has gained considerable attention in the last decade. However, despite its importance, there has been no international consensus on how to define it. The concept has a wide spectrum of meanings, ranging from national security to maritime operations. It is important to recognize the diverse nature of maritime security.
It includes national and international waters:
Maritime security concerns include national and international waters, the seas and rivers, and the marine environment. These include a variety of threats, such as piracy, human trafficking, illegal fishing, and climate change. Many countries have created maritime security agencies and conduct law enforcement operations to combat threats. These agencies are charged with detecting and preventing illicit operations. Maritime security also involves economic development.
It includes port security, cargo security, supply chain security, and the role of government officials and experts:
This volume focuses on a wide range of maritime security issues, including port security, cargo security, supply chain security, and the role of government officials and experts. It is an invaluable resource for scholars, students, and practitioners who wish to learn more about these issues. It provides an insightful introduction to the current maritime security landscape. Each chapter offers a brief overview of the issue and a case study. The book includes articles by leading jurists and government officials. It provides a comprehensive analysis of current approaches to these issues.
Non-traditional security issues:
In addition to maritime security, the book also explores non-traditional security issues such as climate change, human trafficking, illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing, and drug running. These issues have direct impacts on the lives of the inhabitants of the Indo-Pacific region. However, these threats also threaten the interests of no regional states.
Climate change is a major concern as the level of pollution in the oceans continues to rise. This increased level of pollution creates a greater number of environmental catastrophes. Additionally, the maritime sector has been targeted in recent cyber-attacks, which have demonstrated the sophistication of cyber-thugs. Therefore, ship owners and managers are urged to incorporate cyber risk into safety management systems.
Human trafficking, drug-running, and hostage-taking for ransom:
Other non-traditional security issues include human trafficking, drug-running, and hostage-taking for ransom. This can lead to human rights violations. These threats also jeopardize trade and can have disastrous consequences for the global economy. However, there are ways to mitigate these issues.